In 1908, Schweitzer reworked his biography for its first German edition. Diminished chords/ organ/ minor key/ polyphonic texture/ fugue/ ornaments. , The first major public performance was by Mendelssohn, on 6 August 1840, in Leipzig.  US record companies seemed faster in putting BWV 565 forward as Bach's best known organ piece. , BWV 565 exhibits a typical simplified north German structure with a free opening (toccata), a fugal section (fugue), and a short free closing section. In his autobiographical book written with De Rosa (2019), Morricone wrote that, "The death ritual carried out in a church convinced me to use the Bach quotation and the organ. In the last quarter of the 20th century, scholars such as Peter Williams and Rolf-Dietrich Claus published their studies on the piece and argued against its authenticity. Little Fugue in G minor (genre) Bach. The Toccata and Fugue in D minor, BWV 565, is a piece of organ music attributed to Johann Sebastian Bach. As its name indicates, Bach’s Toccata and Fugue in D minor is comprised of two sections that are formally distinct.  Around the start of the First World War, Augener republished William Thomas Best's late 19th-century edition of the work in volume 2 of their complete edition of Bach's organ works. He used the glockenspiel stop for the Prestissimo triplets in the opening section, and the quintadena stop for the repeated notes in bars 12–15.  As far as known, Ringk produced his first copy of a Bach score in 1730 when he was 12. 3 Toccata et Fuga in d BWV 565 (pp. 8:15) and execution times of over 10:30 exist. However, the designation of BWV 565 as a work of doubtful attribution is not supported by the renowned Bach scholar Christoph Wolff. It is most probably a later addition, similar to the title of Toccata, Adagio and Fugue, BWV 564, because in the Baroque era such organ pieces would most commonly be called simply Prelude (Praeludium, etc.) BWV 538 Title Toccata and fugue in D minor Epithet Dorian Instrument Organ Genre organ works Year 1712-1717? Counterpoint literally means note against note. In the later copies the work is named for instance "Adagio" and "Fuga" (for the respective parts of the work), or "Toccata" for the work as a whole. In the 20th century the work was generally viewed very differently, as a bold and dramatic piece. But it's a work for organ and has 3 lines of music, and something with more than one line of music is most probably polyphonic, (unless it's all in unision - which this piece is not).  Leopold Stokowski's orchestration, featured in the 1940 Walt Disney film Fantasia, appears to have been instrumental in assuring its status as an evergreen by the 1980s, around which time scholars started to seriously doubt its attribution to Bach. Wolff calls it a pseudo-problem. 4: Toccatas and Fugues / Individual Works – with CD-ROM, Prelude and fugue, E minor, BWV 548; Prelude and fugue, A minor, BWV 551; Prelude and fugue, C major, BWV 547; Toccata and fugue, D minor, BWV 565, BWV 565: Toccata con Fuga in d / Toccata and Fugue in D Minor, "Were Bach's Toccata and Fugue BWV565 and the Ciacconia from BWV1004 Lute Pieces? Thickness Vocabulary to use: Description with specific examples: For BWV 565 that means staying close to the Ringk manuscript. "Möglichkeiten und Grenzen der Textkritik bei Incerta" pp. Ringk’s copy abounds in Italian tempo markings, fermatas (a characteristic feature of Ringk’s copies) and staccato dots, all very unusual features for pre–1740 German music. No-one had found a composer more compatible with the style of its fugue than Bach himself.  In 1867, the Bach Gesellschaft included it in Band 15 of its complete edition of Bach's works. It is used for the opening credits of the 1931 film Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. ", "Some Speculations on the Development of Bach's Organ Style", pp. Bach's Organ Works transcribed for Pianoforte Duet, Johann Sebastian Bach. 77–86, "Decoding Bach 3. Reconstructions have been applied to several other works by Bach, with variable success.  A version for solo horn was arranged by Zsolt Nagy and has been performed by Frank Lloyd.  In C. L. Hilgenfeldt's biography it is merely listed among the published works. , All other extant manuscript copies of the score date from at least several decades later: some of these, written in the 19th century, are related with each other in that they have similar solutions to the defects in the Ringk manuscript.  In Karl Hermann Bitter's 1865 Bach-biography, BWV 565 is only listed in an appendix. , In 1982, David Humphreys suggested that BWV 565 may have been composed and/or arranged by Kellner, or by someone from the circle around Kellner. Bach's most famous organ piece, with a bar-graph score.FAQQ: I appreciate the work you're doing; how can I support it?A: Thank you!
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